The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrates the importance of innovative health technologies that can help countries improve population health outcomes through rapid solutions, even in the face of poor infrastructure and limited resources. However, many of the new technologies on the market are either too expensive or not suitable for low- and middle-income countries.
To ensure that all countries benefit from health innovation, the World Health Organization has compiled an overview of 24 new technologies that can be implemented in under-resourced settings.
The Assistant Director-General of the World Health Organization for Access to Medicines and Health Products, Dr. – Dr. Mariangela Simao. “WHO will continue to work with governments, donors and manufacturers to expand the stable supply of these products during and after the coronavirus emergency.”
The main objective of the review was to select and evaluate those technologies that can prepare for and respond to the coronavirus outbreak in the short and long term, that have the potential to improve the health and quality of life of the population, and/or help meet the urgent needs for medical care. Fifteen of these technologies are already on the market in countries, while the rest are still in the experimental development stage.
The review ranges from simple products, such as colored bleach that allows the naked eye to recognize non-sterile surfaces and objects, to more sophisticated but easy-to-use devices, such as portable respirators and ventilator monitors with an extra battery that can be used when there is no power source or operation Unstable to the power grid. The list also includes a transportable unit equipped in a shipping container to provide emergency medical assistance.
Some of these techniques are already being successfully applied in beta programs. For example, a solar-powered oxygen concentrator is being used very effectively at a regional children’s hospital in the Somali state of Galmudug to treat pneumonia, which kills 900,000 children every year.
Studies have found that providing stable access to oxygen helps reduce infant mortality from pneumonia by 35%. Due to the lack of oxygen in many countries, a concentrator is vital for treating hospitalized patients with COVID-19.
The World Health Organization has been reviewing innovative technologies over the past 10 years, and some of the selected solutions are already helping to address pressing health challenges in resource-poor countries. A good example of this is a smartphone application that allows the user to instantly and accurately record blood pressure measurements. Over the past 30 years, the number of adults with high blood pressure among adults aged 30 to 79 has risen from 650 million to 1.28 billion over the past 30 years, according to a report released by the World Health Organization last week, and nearly half of them are unaware So. They have high blood pressure.
Smartphones are widely spread even in remote areas and resource-poor places. The software platform allows you to turn your existing smartphone into a medical device for accurate blood pressure measurement without the need to connect other devices or accessories. Another benefit of the app is that the patient can perform self-examination and better manage blood pressure even in the absence of a qualified healthcare professional.
The review presents data from a comprehensive technology assessment conducted by a team of international experts in collaboration with WHO technical teams on criteria such as: compliance with WHO specifications for efficacy, quality and safety; stability of the application of technologies in conditions of scarcity of resources; Affordability. ease of use; and registration status. This information is important to governments, NGOs, and donors when choosing products to purchase.
Conclusions regarding the suitability of each technology are presented visually in the form of a simple “traffic light” rating, which allows you to judge the solution recommended for use (without specific restrictions); Recommended with precautions (in case of disclosure of restrictions related to the need for maintenance or qualified personnel); or Not recommended (unsuitable, unsafe, or intolerable).