VCIOM. News: Prestigious Professions: Yesterday, Today … Tomorrow?

VCIOM.  News: Prestigious Professions: Yesterday, Today … Tomorrow?

January 11, 2021 VTsIOM presents data from a study on the status of professions among Russians.

The most famous professions, according to Russians, are medical workers (31%, 40% among women), Teacher (19%, 26% among women) and computer and information technology specialist (16%, 23% between 25-34 years old). The Russians interviewed also mentioned jobs as a legal specialist (13%), a military man (including in the police, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, etc.) and a politician (9% each).

Classification of prestigious professions in different age groups

The top 5 most prestigious professions among Russian youth aged 18-24 years: Employees in the medical field (32%), professions in the field of law (20%), specialists in the field of information technology (16%), educators and engineers in various industries (15% each), military – 13%.

Among citizens aged 25-34 years The most popular occupations are health workers (34%), in the second place are employment in the field of information technology (23%), the third place in terms of prestige is occupied by specialists in the educational field (17%), in the fourth place, gains. 15% for each of them are specialists in the field of jurisprudence and the military in the fifth rank – the profession of engineer in various industries (11%).

Russians are between 35 and 44 years old Often called the most prestigious professions in the field of medicine (25%), the next most popular professions in this age group are the profession in the field of information technology (19%), and in third place is a specialist in the field of jurisprudence (12%), in the fourth place is the profession in The field of education and military service (11% each), and in the fifth place – work in the civil service and in the construction field (10% each).

Classification of prestige occupations between 45-59 years Medical sector employees (27%) open the second line, teachers (18%) in third, IT industry employees in third (18%), lawyers and civil servants in fourth (10% each). ), the top five builders (9%) closed.

Respondents aged 60 and over Professions in the medical field ranked first (34%), followed by occupations in the field of education (29%), work in the field of information technology and law (11% each) came in third place, and builders ranked fourth (9%). ), civil servants and civil servants are ranked fifth (7%) as economists.

The dynamics of the prestige of the professions over the past fifteen years

Compared to 2006, Russians more often began to notice the prestige of working in medicine (+20 percentage points, 11% in 2006 vs. 31% in 2021), Education (+15 percentage points, 4% in 2006 vs. 19% in 2021), IT (+9 part of a page, 7% in 2006 vs 16% in 2021), military service (+6p, 3% in 2006 vs 9% in 2021), engineering (+6p, 2% in 2006 vs 8% in 2021), construction (+4 p, 4% in 2006 versus 8% in 2021), in agriculture (+4 percentage points, 0 in 2006 versus 4% in 2021).

The concept of prestige between the professions of a manager (3% in both 2006 and 2021), an employee in the field of culture and science (+1 p., 1% in 2006 versus 2% in 2021) has practically not changed over 15 years d), an employee in the service sector (+1 p., 4% in 2006 vs. 5% in 2021).

For 15 years, the prestige of work in the legal field (-15 percentage points.28% in 2006 vs. 13% in 2021), in the economy (-14 percentage points, 20% in 2006 vs. 6% in 2021), in banks (-7 percentage points, 10% in 2006 vs. 3 % in 2021), in business (-6 p.m., 10% in 2006 vs. 4% in 2021), in public service (-4 p.m., 7% in 2006 vs. 3% in 2021), creative (−3 p, 5% in 2006 versus 2% in 2021) and management (- 3 points, 7% in 2006 versus 4% in 2021).

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