HIV infection is a chronic, slowly progressing disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It is transmitted by direct contact with damaged or healthy mucous membranes or damaged skin with blood, semen, semen, breast milk, or vaginal secretions. It is spread with any unprotected sex, use of unsterile syringes, needles, and instruments contaminated with human biological fluids, during blood transfusions.
The first clinical symptoms appear in the period from four weeks to three months, in rare cases – up to a year from the moment of infection. From half to 90% of patients notice HIV symptoms in the first three months, Tatiana Kovaleva, M.D., an infectious disease specialist, SM-Clinic’s pediatrician, medical sciences physician, and associate professor, told Izvestia.
The most common manifestations:
- swollen lymph nodes;
- Skin rash;
- Sore throat.
The acute phase of HIV infection is similar to rubella, infectious mononucleosis, measles. Up to 15% of people simultaneously develop bacterial pneumonia, tonsillitis, herpes and candidiasis appearing on the skin.
The subclinical phase occurs two to three weeks after the disappearance of the above symptoms. Its term ranges from two to 20 years. Sometimes the lymph nodes may swell. In these years, the immune defense is exhausted. Weak biological protection can lead to cancer, fungal and bacterial lesions of the upper respiratory tract, skin and mucous membranes.
HIV infection is not necessarily fatal. The disease becomes chronic. If a person receives ART, they can live a full life for many years.
As a reminder, a mobile test will be held in Novosibirsk in June: where and when you can take an HIV test.
Read us on