The winners of the State Prize of the Russian Federation for the year 2021 in the field of science, technology, literature and art, have been identified for their outstanding achievements in humanitarian, human rights and charitable activities. The names of the winners were announced at a special briefing by the Adviser to the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Tolstoy, Chairman of the Council for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights, Adviser to the President of the Russian Federation Valery Fadeev and the Rector of the University. Lomonosov Moscow State University Victor Sadovnichi.
The State Prize of the Russian Federation in the field of science and technology in 2021 was awarded to Academician Alexander Archakov, Scientific Director of the V. Orikovich Research Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Andrei Lisitsa, employee of the same research institute, academics Ivan Stelidy and Alexander Rumyantsev, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences David Zaridze, Chief Designer, Deputy Director General of the Institute of Design of Residential and Public Buildings (Moscow) Dr. Vladimir Travush.
Alexander Archakov and Andrei Lisitsa are known for a complex body of experimental and theoretical work on the medicinal proteomics of membrane and chromosomal groups of proteins. They identified biomarkers of disease states by applying a chromosome-focused approach to protein study. For the first time in the world, in just one microliter of a blood test, the authors found single copies of molecules – the early precursors of the disease.
Andriy Lisitsa has developed a computational “genomics to drug” approach, which combines data from genomics, proteomics and metabolism. Modeling the molecular structures of modified proteins and phospholipids. Alexander Archakov led the process of creating drugs, as well as testing laboratory diagnostic devices that can detect early stages of oncological and neurodegenerative diseases. Researchers have combined the capabilities of ultra-sensitive molecular detectors with nanoscale drug production. The practical result was the development and production of new drugs: “Phosphoglif” – for the treatment of liver diseases, and “Vitaphospholipids” – against atherosclerosis.
Ivan Stelidy, Alexander Rumyantsev and David Zaridze were awarded a prize for the development and implementation of technologies aimed at reducing the incidence and mortality of the population. Ivan Stelidy is the head of the NN Blokhin National Research Center for Medical Oncology. Alexander Rumyantsev is the scientific director of the Dmitry Rogachev National Research Center for Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, and David Zrides is the head of the department of oncology epidemiology at the Cancer Care Coordination Center of the NN Blokhin National Research Medical Oncology Center. The scientists carried out a large-scale, multi-component clinical and epidemiological project, including research in the field of adult and pediatric oncology, epidemiology, oncology and immunology. The results obtained as a whole have a significant impact on improving the demographic situation in Russia.
Vladimir Travush was awarded the prize for world-class achievements in unique high-rise construction and methodological achievements in the development of building sciences and technologies in Russia. He made a significant contribution to domestic and world sciences in a number of areas: building mechanics, mathematical calculation of building structures, improvement of all types of reinforced and monolithic concrete, metal and wooden structures and the creation of innovative technologies for the construction of tall buildings. The height of the structures.
Vladimir Travush authored more than 70 completed projects, including unique objects of the late 20th and 21st centuries: Ostankino TV Tower (Moscow, 1967, 2006 (restoration and reconstruction after a fire); Palace of Trade Unions Sports (Arkhangelsk, 1980); Dinamo Palace Olympic Sports “(Moscow, 1980); Large-scale Sports Palace (Tver, 1982); Ho Chi Minh Museum (Hanoi, 1990); indoor market (Rzhev, 1990); Moskvorechye Sports Complex (Moscow, 1993); Bagration Bridge across the Moscow River In the complex of the Moscow International Business Center “Moscow City” (Moscow, 1997); the administrative building “Tower 2000” in the complex “Moscow City” (Moscow, 2001); indoor ski center in Krylatskoye (Moscow, 2004).
The State Prize is the highest recognition of the merits of scholars and cultural figures in front of society and the state. It is the main Russian award, having inherited this name from the State Prize of the RSFSR in 1992. In addition to financial rewards (since 2020, the award amount has doubled to 10 million rubles), the winners receive a diploma, badge of honor and backcoat badge.
Traditionally, the President of the Russian Federation handed out prizes to the winners on Russia Day, June 12.